The Complex Nature Of Tyre Manufacturing Process
Tires are the lifeline of a vehicle. They provide the traction needed for moving vehicles. For something that is genuinely straightforward in its utilization, however, how tires are made is a complex method. In spite of the fact that tires began as essentially, air encased in rubber structure, today they are more advanced than any other time in the recent memory.
They are comprised of a few layers of various materials, each assuming its very own job in how the tire will be going to perform. The top tire manufacturers in India use a refined blend of materials, including advanced fabrics, natural and synthetic rubbers.
The creation of a tire starts with its designing process. Cutting-edge manufacturing utilizes highly advanced machinery in large state-of-the-art facilities. As many as more than 200 raw materials are combined and then physics, chemistry, and engineering are applied to give customers the highest degree of performance, comfort, safety, and reliability at every level.
The procedure starts with computer-added designing which estimates the vehicle’s specific requirement. At that point, a model is made to see the design’s ability to fill in according to the required specification and features. Creating tire for the market is a long drawn practice that can take up to long periods of testing, review and quality checks by a group of specialists.
Main Raw Materials
The main raw materials used in the manufacturing of tires are mentioned below:
- Natural rubber
- Synthetic rubber
- Carbon black and silica
- Metallic and textile reinforcement cables
- Numerous chemical agents
- Manufacturing Process
The procedure begins with the blending of essential rubbers with process oils, antioxidants, carbon black, and other added substances. Before a tire is assembled, every one of these parts of the tire is combined in a Banbury Mixer under high pressure until the point when they become a gummy structure. From that point, the material is sent to different machines, where they are converted into the various parts of the tire.
When all the tire parts are made, they are sent to the tire building machine. On the machine goes an inward liner of rubber, the plies, the belts, the sidewall, the bead, and the tread. When every one of the parts is set up, the tire building machine squeezes them together.
The last process is known as curing. This process is done with the help of molds that provides the final tread patterns of the tires. The tread patterns vary according to the models of different 2 wheeler tire manufacturers.